A quick egg and cheddar frittata uses up chopped kale stems and some leftover cooked spinach.
How to cut your food waste
by Melissa Pasanen
From the slimy green things in the back of your vegetable drawer to platters of sandwiches left after a lunch meeting, we waste as much as 40 percent of the food produced in the world. This is not only a waste of food but also of all the natural and human resources it takes to make that food, as well as valuable and scarce landfill space.
As Vermont moves toward the full roll-out of the Universal Recycling Law (Act 148), which prohibits all food waste from landfills by 2020, we need to shift how we think about food waste, turning it from trash into a resource. Much of the food we waste could be eaten or recycled in a constructive way. The state has created a hierarchy of how to approach food-waste recovery: 1) cut waste at the source, 2) redirect it to people, 3) feed animals and 4) compost/anaerobic digestion. Here are 10 tips to get you started on reducing food waste. Next week, we’ll dive into composting.
- Do your own food-waste audit. Measure your food waste for one week and set a goal to reduce it. It might shock you; it will definitely inform you.
- Shop smarter. Plan meals a week at a time if you can and shop with a list. When planning, always shop your own fridge/freezer/pantry first. Don’t succumb to deals on items you really won’t use. It doesn’t save you money if you end up throwing it out.
- Appreciate imperfection. Push back against the insistence on blemish-free, identically shaped produce.
- “Eat me!” It’s too easy to tuck things into the fridge and freezer and forget. Try a whiteboard on the front of the fridge to remind you what you have to use up. I love the idea of an “Eat me first!” box or shelf in the fridge. Get kids to make the sign, and they’ll be invested in using it.
- Share the wealth. If you have just one portion of a dish left that does not lend itself well for lunch or other creative reuse, think about an elderly neighbor who might appreciate a visit and a home-cooked meal. If you are part of an event with more significant leftovers, volunteer to see if a local foodshelf or other nonprofit can put them to good use. (For Chittenden County, the Chittenden Solid Waste District has a good list. See link below.)
- Try a weekly “reinvent leftovers” night. Pull all those random bits of leftover protein (meat, fish, cheese, tofu, etc.) and vegetables that are cooked or languishing in the fridge. Add staples like olives, toasted nuts, shredded cheese, canned chickpeas or beans, and maybe sliced hard-cooked eggs, and offer a salad bar, baked potato bar, omelet bar or “top-your-own” individual pizza bar (on English muffins or pita rounds). Look around the world for meal inspirations that happily use up all sorts of bits and pieces, like fried rice made with leftover cooked rice, cold sesame noodles with cooked spaghetti, quiches or frittatas.
- Put an egg on it. A well-deployed egg can turn leftovers into a meal. Sauté up a quick hash of chopped veg and protein leftovers and top with a fried egg. Simmer homemade or packaged stock with leftover rice, noodles or grains plus vegetable and herb odds and ends to make a soup and finish with a poached egg. Add a crouton of stale bread, toasted or grilled and brushed with olive oil, as a raft for the egg.
- Save crusts, stems and bones. Process crusts into homemade breadcrumbs and freeze. Freeze herb stems for soups or stews or process with olive oil or yogurt, a little lemon juice and salt and pepper to make a sauce or marinade. Freeze chicken or beef bones, mushrooms stems or shrimp shells to make homemade stock whenever you have time (the slow cooker is good for this).
- Rebuff the yuck factor. Try refreshing limp chard, kale, spinach, beet greens and other greens by soaking them in cool water, which miraculously revives them. The good parts of bruised apples make great applesauce (use the microwave for super-quick sauce), and soft berries can be quickly simmered into a sauce too. (Both freeze well, too.) Chop limp carrots and celery and freeze in bags to throw into a stew or stock later when you have time to make it ― and don’t forget to write them on your whiteboard.
- Share that you care. Let retailers, restaurants and other food providers know that you care about food waste and that you expect they should too.
- FoodKeeper (foodsafety.gov) is a free mobile app and also an online database with food safety and storage advice created through the work of the Food Marketing Institute, Cornell University’s Department of Food Science, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
- Many Vermont solid waste districts offer lists of tips and resources for cutting food waste. Here are two: addisoncountyrecycles.org and cswd.net.
- In the Burlington area, this new community website provides opportunities to share and swap extra food foodfightvt.com.